It has been a bit over 60 years since the invention of the transistor, truly a "disruptive technology" that enabled many dependent inventions that changed our world. William Shockley led the team at Bell Labs that developed the first point contact transistor. It is an amazing story of technical innovation that changed our civilization.
History of the transistor
Who really invented the Transistor?
Invention Of The Transistor
the history of microprocessors
AMD CPU Manufacturing
Here are histories of key participants
Bell Labs on the Transistor